The beach tree is probably the most frequent deciduous tree in our forests. It cannot be overlooked when walking through the forests because of its silvery shimmering stems. This deciduous tree can reach in the stand of trees heights of 30-45 m with extremely long knot-free stems of 15 m length and up to 100 cm in diameter. It can become up to 300 years of age as a free-standing tree and forms an enormously branched top. The outer branches of a special variant, the weeping hornbeam tree, reach the ground. A further variant, the copper beach tree, stands out due to its dark red-brown leaves and it is also a popular park tree.
The commonly used German trade name Rotbuche (Red beach) is somewhat misleading, as the cut wood is only a little reddish; it is rather bright ochre. The typical pink shade, as commonly known of this wood type in furniture manufacture, appears only after the technical treatment of steaming, which releases the growth stresses.
The beach tree belongs to the hardwoods with fine pores and has the characteristic that it strongly reacts to changes in wood moisture. It tends to warp strongly and possibly distort. Even though this fact is somewhat reduced by the technical steam treatment, beach wood should however never be exposed to a too high humidity. The wood has a fine, delicate and even marking and the same colour from the bark to the centre in young trees. Only older stems of over 70 years sometimes form a dark brown colour heart giving the rather simple beach wood a lively colour appearance.
The beach tree is, apart from the conifers spruce and pine, the most important deciduous tree in the German market as cut timber as well as veneer. The initially pink coloured wood tends strongly to turn yellow under the influence of UV-light.
|Botanical Name||Fagus sylvatica|
|Surface Variants||transparent lacquered|
|Related Kinds||Common beech, Hornbeam (European hornbeam - Carpinus betulus|
|Systematology||Deciduous tree, hardwood, fine pores, mature wood tree|
|Types/Variants||Solid Wood Veneered Wood|